Types of Standards


Standards are written differently depending on the culture of the organization developing them, the product or process they are defining, the capabilities of the organization implementing them, and other factors. There are numerous ways in which they can be categorized. Some of these were noted briefly in Chapter 1, and this chapter will address them in more detail. Some of these categorization approaches have been formalized in standards themselves, while some are used simply because they are helpful in understanding and approaching standards, whether for their use or their development. ISO/IEC Guide 2, Standardization and related activities – General Vocabulary, offers a number of useful ways of looking at standards, some of which are included in the following list.

7.2Performance versus Prescriptive
7.3Geographical, Political, or Economic Extent
7.4Mandatory or Voluntary
7.5Consensus versus Nonconsensus
7.8Surprise Consequences of a Successful Standard
7.10Case Study

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