Thermodynamics is fundamental to all aspects of aerodynamic design and analysis of centrifugal compressors. This chapter introduces the key thermodynamic principles, with special emphasis on this application. No attempt is made to provide complete derivations or “proofs” of the concepts presented. Readers who desire more detailed development of any of these concepts can refer to any basic thermodynamics textbook.

2.1Fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics
2.2Head and Efficiency
2.3The Gas Equation of State
2.4Thermally Perfect Gases: The Caloric Equation of State
2.5The Thermal Equation of State for Real Gases
2.6Thermodynamic Properties of Real Gases
2.7Thermally and Calorically Perfect Gases
2.8Perfect Gas Models Applied to Real Gases
2.9Component Performance and Losses
2.10Approximate Liquid and Two-Phase Flow Models
2.11Equilibrium Flash or Liquid Knockout Calculations

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