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Chapter 1
Decommissioning Overview

Excerpt

Decommissioning brings to closure, or terminates, the mission or useful life of a radiological or nuclear facility. The owner or licensee normally decides when a facility is to permanently cease operations. It must then show that a proposed decommissioning project plan can be conducted safely, and that at completion the facility will comply with regulatory requirements. This chapter presents a road map of the decommissioning process, highlighting the major issues to address in planning, implementing, and completing a project, and including references for further detail.

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.1.1 Background
  • 1.1.2 Decommissioning Phases
  • 1.2 Evaluation of Decommissioning Alternatives
  • 1.2.1 Potential NRC Decommissioning Alternatives
  • 1.2.2 DOE Process
  • 1.2.3 Alternative Selection
  • 1.2.4 Risk Analysis
  • 1.3 Decommissioning Pre-Planning
  • 1.3.1 Regulatory Requirements
  • 1.3.2 Financial Requirements
  • 1.3.3 Clearance Criteria
  • 1.3.4 License Termination
  • 1.3.5 Technology Evaluation
  • 1.3.6 Radiation Exposure
  • 1.3.7 Decommissioning Management Team
  • 1.3.8 Quality Assurance Requirements
  • 1.3.9 Security Program
  • 1.3.10 Public and Stakeholder Participation Program
  • 1.3.11 Transition Planning
  • 1.3.12 Records
  • 1.4 Decommissioning Characterization Planning
  • 1.5 Detailed Decommissioning Planning
  • 1.5.1 Preparation of the Decommissioning Plan
  • 1.5.2 Detailed Cost Estimate and Schedule
  • 1.6 Decommissioning Operations
  • 1.6.1 Work Scope Activities
  • 1.6.2 NRC License Termination Plan
  • 1.7 Closeout and Post-Decommissioning
  • 1.7.1 Demolition of Remaining Nonradioactive Structures
  • 1.7.2 Site Restoration for NRC-Licensed Facilities
  • 1.7.3 Demobilization

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