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Buoyancy Control at Water Crossings and Overland

Excerpt

This chapter focuses on design and construction information related to providing buoyancy control for overland pipelines. It describes various buoyancy design criteria as well as typical, or industry standard, design values. A design process is presented along with representative calculations. Also presented are many of the available pipeline buoyancy control methods and their advantages and disadvantages. The methods include those that are more the typical industry methods, as well as other less well known and infrequently used methods. Also presented are guidelines on pre-construction assessments for determining the number and location of buoyancy control measures that may be required during pipeline construction.

8.1Introduction
8.2Pipeline Codes
8.3Buoyancy Design Philosophy
8.4Buoyancy Control Options
8.5Buoyancy Design Forces
8.6Buoyancy Control Spacing and Locations
Acknowledgments
References
Definitions and Abbreviations
Topics: Buoyancy, Water

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