Movement Towards Circular Economy and E.U. Waste Management Regulation


The European Union (EU-27) has very active physical trade with the rest of the world with the exports increasing from 397 million tonnes to 568 million tonnes in 2011. At the same time, the imports increased from 1,340 million tonnes in 1999 to 1,629 million tonnes in 2011. Although the values indicate that the imports overwhelmingly outweigh the exports, the actual case is that biomass imports – exports are almost balanced and at the same time, the EU exports more manufacturing goods than it imports. The big imbalance is identified on the fuels and mineral products trade with more than 1,274 million tonnes being imported but only 215 million tonnes being exported. These aspects highlight the importance of substituting the existing linear economy by developing a circular economy that would reuse the materials and extend their lifetime. Circular economy can play a significant role in enhancing the resource efficiency by inserting sustainable practices like the eco-designing of products during manufacturing, along with post-use strategies like the 3Rs, i.e. reuse - recycling – recovery. On December 2nd, 2015, the EU approved an ambitious set of measures for Circular Economy: «Closing the loop». In the respect of resource efficiency, «Closing the loop» was an ambitious but promising package for advancing Circular Economy in the EU.

Waste Management and Circular Economy
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