Chapter 5
Design and Operation of Compressors


Compressors and their drivers are the workhorses of the gas pipeline industry. They come in different combinations with the most common ones being reciprocating and centrifugal compressors. Other types of compressors are not normally used because they do not provide the most optimum match of pressure ratio and flow. In general, pipeline compressors occupy the middle ground in terms of pressure ratio and flow. Reciprocating compressors are the better choice for medium-pressure ratio applications, and moderate flows and centrifugal compressors are preferred for lower pressure ratios and higher flows.

  • 5.1 Introduction to Pipeline Compressors
  • 5.2 Reciprocating Compressors
  • 5.2.1 General Design
  • 5.2.2 Running Gear
  • 5.2.3 Frame and Cylinders
  • 5.2.4 Capacity Control
  • 5.2.5 Valves
  • 5.2.6 Packings
  • 5.2.7 Bearings and Lubrication Systems
  • 5.2.8 Controls and Monitoring
  • 5.2.9 Gas Cooling
  • 5.2.10 Operation and Optimization
  • 5.2.11 Design Standards
  • 5.3 Centrifugal Compressors
  • 5.3.1 General Design
  • 5.3.2 Compressor Internals and Sealing
  • 5.3.3 Bearings and Lubrication Systems
  • 5.3.4 Sealing System
  • 5.3.5 Controls and Monitoring
  • 5.3.6 Physical Operation
  • 5.3.7 Design Standards
  • References

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