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An Age Based Dynamic Respect Factor for Pedestrian Dynamics

Excerpt

The Social Force Model is one of the Microscopic Pedestrian Simulation Model that is used to study the movement of pedestrians. Many modifications have been proposed as improvements to this model. One of these modifications involves the respect factor which is a constant value that was incorporated into a self-stopping mechanism that allows a gradual stop of the pedestrian in a crowd. The dynamic respect factor which is an improvement to the respect factor is dependent on the density of the walking area of the pedestrian. In this paper, we study the impact of age based parameters to the dynamic respect factor. We increased the dynamic respect factor for elderly pedestrian which increases their respect area. The results obtained showed that the dynamic respect factor is able to modify the respect area which provides realistic results which conform to the real situation.

  • Abstract
  • Key Words
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The Dynamic Respect Factor
  • 3. Incorporating the Age-Based Dynamic Respect Factor Into the Social Force Model
  • 4. The Effect of Respect Factorin the Simulations Involving Normal and Elderly Pedestrians
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Acknowledment
  • References

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